This undersea eruption created a new Island off the coast of Tonga in March of 2012.
Spectacular columns are spewing out of the sea about 6 miles (from the southwest coast off the main island of Tongatapu – an area where up to 36 undersea volcanoes are clustered, geologists said.
Trade winds are blowing gas and steam. Tonga, a 170-island archipelago between Australia and Tahiti, is part of the Pacific “ring of fire” – an arc of earthquake and volcanic zones stretching from Chile in South America through Alaska and down through Vanuatu to Tonga. Scientists sailed to inspect an undersea volcano that has been erupting for days near Tonga — shooting smoke, steam and ash thousands of feet into the sky above the South Pacific ocean.