http://blink.ucsd.edu/_files/ocga/nsf-shutdown.pdf
September

25,

2013
closed-sign11BACKGROUND
OMB
Bulletin
80
14,
dated
August
28,
1980
(and
amended
by
the
OMB
Director’s
memorandum
of
November
17,
1981)
requires
all
agencies
to
maintain
contingency
plans
to
deal
with
a
possible
lapse
in
appropriations.
The
Bulletin
requires
agency
plans
to
be
consistent
with
the
January
16,
1981
opinion
of
the
Attorney
General
on
this
subject.
The
Office
of
Legal
Counsel
of
the
Department
of
Justice
issued
an
update
to
the
opinion
dated
August
16,
1995.
The
essential
elements
of
the
Attorney
General’s
opinion
are:
In
the
absence
of
new
appropriations,
Federal
officers
may
incur
no
financial
obligations
that
cannot
lawfully
be
funded
from
prior
appropriations
unless
such
obligations
are
otherwise
authorized
by
law.
Under
authority
of
the
Anti
Deficiency
Act,
Federal
officers
may
incur
obligations
as
necessary
for
the
orderly
termination
of
an
agency’s
functions
and
for
activities
that
protect
life
and
property,
but
no
funds
may
be
disbursed
for
payment
of
those
new
obligations.