Published on Jun 30, 2018

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Is propaganda real? Is it effective? Does it influence you? Propaganda is defined as: information, ideas, or rumors deliberately spread widely to help or harm a person, group, movement, institution, nation, etc. Let’s take a closer look at this powerful weapon and tool. When most people think of propaganda, they think of Nazi Germany. Yet before Nazi Germany, the Soviets developed the Montage… You know, the montage: ROCKY The Soviets used propaganda films to unite their vast empire after World War 1 and years of civil war. They founded the worlds FIRST film school (the Moscow Film School) in 1919 and the Kuleshov Worksop * Battleship Potemkin: * https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=V__Dt… * Soviet Theory of Montage: * https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JYedf… Before the Soviets, propaganda helped encourage American colonists to fight for full independence from Britain, printing, and mass distributing propaganda such as Thomas Paine’s Common Sense: * https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J-LGx… And long before Thomas Paine, Martin Luther wrote propaganda that was spread throughout Europe to question indulgences and other unchristian practices of the Catholic Church: * Luther’s 95 Thesis: * https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ijjbt… How did the church respond to Martin Luther? “Nobody expected the Spanish Inquisition…” But also: In 1622 Pope Gregory XV (15th) created the Sacred Congregation for the Propagation of the Faith – or, in Latin: Sacra Congregatio de Propaganda Fide PROPAGANDA!!! – zooming in on music accents… * https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Congreg… This was a college to train priests to become missionaries, and spread the word of God to new lands. Catechisms were printed in many languages and missionaries were sent as far as Southern India. Because the church learned after the Crusades and the Inquisition that perhaps the pen WAS mightier than the sword. Using the sword, you can kill dissenters, but using the pen, and propaganda, you can kill dissent. But wait, what was that word? Catechisms? This is key because these catechisms were what the Catholic Church used to spread their ideology and introduce it to new people. Catechesis is the term for what we today would call “preaching” – only catechesis was a much more organized and structured format. Printing presses weren’t invented in those days, so the fastest method of spreading such information was through spoken word, and so: During the fourth and fifth centuries, baptism had become a several-week-long seminar leading up to baptism on Easter Sunday. Seminar? Like, Seminary? Is that where that word came from? During this time, catechumens attended several meetings of intensive catechetical preaching, by the way, do you have ANY IDEA how long I had to practice to get this pronunciation right? During the weeks leading up to their baptism, catechumens attended several meetings of intensive catechetical preaching, often by the bishop himself, and often accompanied by special prayers, exorcisms, and other rites. The Catholic Church structured and systemized propaganda to spread its beliefs to the far-flung corners of the earth. In our next episode, we will look at how propaganda has been adapted and improved to make use of technology in our modern day… But you’re too smart for that, right? Hitler’s Famous Quote: * https://www.goodreads.com/quotes/553-… Sergei Eisenstein: * https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sergei_… Propaganda in the Soviet Union * https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Propaga… Martin Luther: * This is also a book about propaganda in that it is a study of persuasive literature that attempted to redefine a major institution in its social world: the Christian church and its beliefs. I argue that the medium of printing was used for the first time in Western history to channel a “mass” movement to affect change concerning this institution. * https://publishing.cdlib.org/ucpresse…