The Saqqara Bird is a bird-shaped artifact made of sycamore wood, discovered during the 1898 excavation of the Pa-di-Imen tomb in Saqqara, Egypt. Image Credi: . Wikimedia Commons
Located roughly 20 miles south of , it is home to the world-famous step pyramid of King Djoser.Dating back more than 4,000 years, it is the oldest of Egypt’s 97 pyramids.
Saqqara is also famous for being one of Egypt’s oldest burial grounds, earning it the nickname City of the Dead.
It was here, in 1891, that French archeologists unearthed an ancient tomb containing the burial remains of Pa-di-Imen, an official from the third century BC.
Among the various items discovered was a small wooden model of what appeared to be a bird, lying beside a papyrus bearing the inscription:
I want to fly.
The artifact was later sent to the Cairo Museum, where authorities placed it alongside several other bird figurines.
The model sat largely unnoticed, until 1969, when Egyptologist Dr. Kahlil Messiha was examining the bird collection and noticed that there was something very different about the Saqqara bird.
It’s interesting because on one hand, clearly, it should look like a bird because it has eyes and has a typical nose of a bird.
On the other hand, the wings are clearly not bird wings.
To the middle of the rim, you see this wing a bit thicker.
In this region, the lift-up is the highest.
The whole thing becomes thinner to the end of the wings. And those wings, model down. And this is a very modern aerodynamic design. Then the other point is, birds have no rudders. Because a bird does not need a rudder because of its aerodynamic architecture. And so, there is the idea they are not representing birds, but flying machines, or aircraft.
Could the ancient Egyptians have possessed the power of flight?
In 2006, aviation and aerodynamics expert Simon Sanderson built a scale model of the Saqqara bird five times larger than the original to test that possibility.
We’re running at a constant speed, slowly increasing the angle of attack, and then measuring the forces which it’s producing.
That way, we can learn about its flight characteristics. At ten degrees, we’re producing four times weight and lift. So, it actually would be flying now. That’s good. The test shows the Saqqara bird is a highly developed glider. And this is the design we use today.
During the Sanderson test, it was discovered that the only thing preventing the Saqqara bird from achieving flight was the lack of a rear stabilizing rudder, or elevator, needed to maintain balance.
Is it possible that the Saqqara bird ever possessed this critical component? What is missing is something like an elevator, but if you look at this feature here, then we may interpret that something like an elevator was connected here, but was lost during history.
Computer models seem to confirm that the Saqqara bird is certainly airworthy.
But there is another problem to consider: launching a glider.
Modern methods require the use of a towplane that pulls the glider into the air, then releases it when a proper altitude is reached.
So, how might the ancient Egyptians have launched the Saqqara bird? The scientists of Egyptology told us that such a bird could be powered off by catapults to fly.
And, we had high acceptance by Egyptian scientists.
The idea of using a catapult does have a contemporary parallel.
Many of today’s glider enthusiasts employ a bungee cord system to launch their sail craft into the air. But if the Saqqara bird is capable of flight, where would ancient Egyptians have acquired such technology? I think that people in ancient times were visited by beings coming not from this earth, and they gave us culture and scientific technologies to improve our life on earth coming from the primitive to a higher developed culture.
If ancient cultures would be able to produce any really flyable machine, they would be far more advanced than we believe today.
It changes our view of ancient societies.
It’s a fact that our ancestors were more intelligent and had more technological superiority capabilities than our history books give them credit for.
You begin to have to ask yourself, “Are we missing part of the story?” And honestly, I think we are.
I think there has been a forgotten episode in human history.
And, we’re a species with amnesia.
We don’t really remember who or what we are.
I haven’t been convinced that there is evidence that supports an ancient visitation, but there is no reason why not, and I think to shut oneself to that possibility is a mistake, mainly because there is so many anomalies that we can’t explain.
The dense jungles and rugged mountains of Colombia contain a vast number of archaeological sites.
Many treasure hunters believed the legendary City of Gold, El Dorado, lies hidden here somewhere under a thick canopy of trees.
While the mythical metropolis has never been found, early in the 20th century, tomb-robbers searching along the Magdalena River stumbled upon a gravesite dating back 1,500 years to a pre-Colombian civilization known as the Tolima.
Among the funerary objects found there were hundreds of small two- to three-inch gold figurines.
Many of those looked like insects and fish.
However, out of those hundreds that they found, they also found about a dozen that are eerily reminiscent of modern-day fighter jets.
They have a triangular shape.
They have an upright tailfin, stabilizers, and a fuselage.
And they have nothing in common with anything similar in nature.
Could these gold objects really be proof that earth has been visited by ancient aliens? One of the objects shows a typical swept wings like with a modern aircraft.
And you compare it to something like a space shuttle.
You see that the basic wing shape is very similar to wing shapes for high-speed aerodynamic bodies like a space shuttle is.
There is not a single insect in the world which has got its wings at the bottom.
Now, when you exclude the possibility that it’s an insect, one of the things which remain is the fact that this is actually, yes, what it looks like: a plane.
In 1997, German aviation experts including Algund Eenboom and Peter Belting set out to prove the speculation by building a scale-model replica of the gold flyer, fully equipped with landing gear and a working engine.
It was rather simple because we don’t need to put many parts to this shape because this shape is perfect.
Everything was already done by the native people 2,000 years ago. They did not add an inch or remove an inch. They just essentially blew the little thing into a larger size. I mean, this is sensational that pre-Colombian culture knew about aerodynamics. Once completed, the remote controlled flyer took off down a makeshift runway and flew. When you see this thing taking off, you really feel that this is the real deal.
It was a very successful test and showed us how perfect ancient people were working out aerodynamic design.
What it shows you that there must be something happened. We are not quite sure how it did, but that it did. This is applied science. This isn’t just thinking somewhere. This is people going out there and making sure and proving, what I still see, anybody can see this, that this is real.
This is genuine. This little thing, which sits in a museum, could fly. So we have two examples from opposite sides of the planet, and both examples are aerodynamically sound and they fly.
So, to suggest that all of this is coincidence I mean, after a while, even coincidence no longer makes sense. Could the ancients have seen actual entities, like ancient gods, ancient astronauts actually flying around in what amounted to modern aircraft? The answer to these questions may be found in ancient documents that describe flight patterns, aircraft specs, and even aerial battles in remarkable detail.
Over the past 50 years, NASA has sent astronauts into space inside large rockets. This method has been described by some as simply “putting a man on a large firecracker and lighting the fuse.
Man’s ability to travel farther into space would require more advanced propulsion systems and several are being researched by NASA. There are a wide variety of advanced propulsion technologies that are being actively developed and studied by NASA and other researchers.
A really exotic version of that is to use a launch-assist catapult, use technology derived from the magnetic levitation trains to build a maglev sled.
It carries your rocket, gets it up to about Mach 1, and then launches the rocket from it.
While these futuristic propulsion systems seem like something out of science fiction, ancient alien theorists believe past civilizations possessed these same advanced technologies.
They point to a number of cultural myths that describe sky people coming to Earth in fire-breathing dragons or metallic-looking machines as proof of extraterrestrial visitation.
In my mind, legends and myths are based on something real.
And while they’ve been “mythified” and exaggerated in many cases, in my mind, some core of truth here in that people really were flying in airships in ancient times just like we do today.
But might these ancient airships have reached Earth using the same type of propulsion systems we use today? The answer may be found deep in the Indian subcontinent.
Visiting India and its rich history
Were the ancient vimana really powerful ancient alien spaceships?
One billion people crowd its modern cities and rural townships, speaking hundreds of languages, and practicing a number of different religions.
India is considered one of the oldest civilizations with settlements dating back over 11,000 years.
It is also home to several of the oldest records of ancient technologies.
Ancient Sanskrit text dating back as far as 6000 BC, describing varying but vivid detail of flying machines called “vimanas.
Vimanas are airplanes, and they are powered by some jet engines.
This seems to be true because all the description of the flight behavior “elephants ran away in panic.
The grass was thrown out because there was a lot of pressure from behind those vimanas.
So that we can say this is a description of the spaceship.
Although mainstream historians believe the vimana texts are myths, many of the documents contain passages that seem to describe modern machinery and technology.
The Vymaanika-Shaastra goes into metals that are used in these crafts.
It talks about electricity and power sources. It talks about the pilots and the clothing they have to wear. It talks about the food that they eat. It talks even about the weapons that are kept on these airships.
The flight menus of the vimanas are quite similar to the flight menus you find in the modern passenger flight business. Or when you go to the military jet engines, of course, they have also flight menus because it’s necessary for a pilot to get knowledge about his plane he wanted to fly with.
We also learned that these vimanas could be controlled mentally.
And this is a technology that modern militaries are beginning to develop.
Even today, with as advanced as we think we are, almost every manifestation of an actual extraterrestrial civilization today would look almost like magic to us where it has to do with technological electromagnetic systems that interface with coherent thought and organized thought.
And this gets into people go, now, you’re losing me here.
But I tell people, I say, “Yeah, well, you gotta push your boundaries a little bit if you’re talking about a true “interstellar civilization.
The Vymaanika-Shaastra, or Science of Aeronautics, indicates vimanas used a propulsion system based on a combination of gyroscopes, electricity, and mercury.
Is this possible? Mercury is an unusual element. Mercury is metal. It’s also a liquid, and, uh, is a conductor of electricity. You know, there are unusual things you can do with mercury. You can put it into a closed gyroscopic device with mercury spinning around, and then you can electrify it.
Studies have been done on this by NASA and by other scientists, and they find that you have levitation effects, antigravity kind of effects, and a spinning bright light is part of it, too.
The Vymaanika-Shaastra suggests vimanas were powered by several gyroscopes placed inside a sealed liquid mercury vortex.
Here’s an example of a little kid’s gyroscope. You spin it with a heavy wheel around a central axis. Well, a gyroscope seems to do a lot of strange things, even defy gravity.
And it does this because it uses what’s called rotational, or angular, momentum. And it wants to keep a particular orientation on its spin axis, the center rod. If you push on that rod, it will want to “righten” itself up to its original orientation.
It wants to keep that same angular momentum. Gyroscopes are used all over the place: in airplanes, in spacecraft, in submarines. This allows them to determine their position based on where they started. They can also use it for finding their velocity or even just the orientation of the vehicle in space.
One of the texts talks about mercury rotating and driving some sort of a powerful wind, or a windmill effect. That might be some sort of what we call a “flywheel energy storage” where you have a spinning disc, and then you extract energy from it slowly.
That would be the mercury. And then that could be used to drive some sort of a propeller or what we’d call a ducted fan sort of system like you have in a hovercraft.
Mercury would be quite good for that because it’s a high density, so you’d have a small package for your power plant, and that’s always good when you’re building an aircraft.
Flywheel energy storage systems, however, tend to lose power quickly.
To navigate across space, its size would have to be enormous. They’re fine for use by power companies for load-leveling. You put energy in when you don’t need it.
You get energy out when you need it. But they’re sitting on the ground. To have something light enough to actually fly, it’s not at all clear that this will be a practical device. Now, maybe the people are trying to describe something that kind of looked like this to them.
It might not have actually been mercury. It might have been some other liquid metal. The mercury vortex engine is perhaps a failure in the translation because the vortex is not material quite suitable to a jet engine.
The issue of how are these civilizations traveling faster than the speed of light is a fundamental question. It’s a scientific application of things that have been studied for thousands of years and they’re within the Vadas, the ancient Vedic teachings or other ancient teachings– and it is there.
But if vimanas existed, could this prove there was a worldwide transportation network thousands of years before Columbus? The answer might be found on a mountaintop outside Mexico City.
In the 21st century, modern transportation and communication methods have connected the world like never before. Products or ideas, no matter where in the world they may have originated, can spread to even the most remote countries.
A hip-hop hit in Brooklyn might make it big in Tokyo before it’s even heard in Manhattan. This cultural interconnection has transformed the globe, but is it new? Mainstream archaeologists believe ancient civilizations such as those found in the remote Pacific Islands, Asia, and South America developed independently from each other.
But ancient astronaut theorists contend that similarities in building styles and beliefs found in these cultures suggest that a worldwide trade route may have connected them to each other.
But just like we have airports today around the world, in ancient times with the vimanas, there would have been hangars for the craft, airports for them to land.
And those airports would have been situated in strategic places around the world. And that’s exactly what we see in remote places. Could the complex set of lines covering Peru’s Nazca plain or the mysterious plateau above Mexico’s Oaxaca Valley be evidence of runways for worldwide air transportation system.
One of the unusual archaeological sites in Mexico is a place called Monte Alban. That is also a mountain where the top of the mountain was completely cut off and leveled to make a very flat tabletop mountain.
And there’s a megalithic city there, too, that’s extremely old. This was probably some kind of vimana airport. The vimanas could be kind of missing link between the single cultures in the world because they had just a very short time to flow from one part of the world to the other.
Legends of air travel are also found in ancient Africa and the Middle East.
, a holy book of the Ethiopians written sometime between the fifth and second century AD, the queen of Sheba was once given a gift of a flying carpet by King Solomon of Israel. The Kebra Nagast
The Kebra Nagast is one of the most important texts you’ve never heard of.
The Kebra Nagast means The Book of Kings and it is the most sacred book of the Ethiopians.
In it, King Solomon is described as having access to some type of a flying machine.
And in that part of the world, the term “
flying carpet” was always used very liberally.
My question is, did they really mean actual flying carpets or was it another term with which to describe some type of a flying machine? This was the original Chariots of the Gods that Erich von Daniken talked about– the flying magic carpets of the
. Arabian Nights stories
There are traditions in the Middle East of King Solomon having this airship and flying to different places in the Middle East, certain mountains which are known as the Mountains of Solomon.
These may have been certain airports or landing areas for these vimanas.
Nicholas Rourke, famous Russian-American explorer who traveled all through central Asia and Tibet in the 1920s, he too claimed that Tibetans had traditions of King Solomon flying to Tibet in this aircraft.
The Kebra Nagast also describes how King Solomon used his flying airship to make maps of the world.
But could these have any relation to other ancient maps some believe may have been made by extraterrestrials? Some of these maps show the world not as it looks today, but as it looked during the last ice age.
And this is really hard to explain.
Everybody’s heard of the Piri Reis map, but they’ve perhaps not heard of the Orontius Finnaeus map or-or the Mercator maps that show Antarctica in great detail hundreds of years before Antarctica was even discovered.
One of the most referenced stories of ancient aircraft is found in a surprising place: the Bible.
In the Book of Ezekiel, the prophet describes a flying chariot containing wheels within wheels and powered by angels.
Although Bible historians suggest Ezekiel was speaking symbolically about the terrifying enemies facing Israel, could this be another example of an alien visitation and proof that prehistoric aircraft existed? In the story of Ezekiel’s throne chariot, this flying vehicle that doesn’t seem to have any means of propulsion, if we thought of the word “angel” as representing something like celestial energy, it sounds much more like a spacecraft then because some of the angels are going back and forth.
Well, that sounds like flames.
That sounds like propulsion.
Some of them are wheel-like.
Well, those sound like flying saucers.
Our ancestors weren’t idiots.
Ezekiel saw something that was so frightening to him that he fell to his knees.
Then, out of the glory of God, came this being in these bright clothes that looked like metal, and told Ezekiel, All right, man, we brought you here. We want you to measure this monument, this building. And Ezekiel asks, well, why should I do this? And the being says, that’s why we brought you here.
And then you have 40 pages, in the second part of the Book of Ezekiel, with measurement after measurement after measurement of this gigantic building, in which, by the way, the glory of the Lord landed.
In the early 1970s, NASA scientist Joseph Blumrich set out to disprove the theory that what Ezekiel witnessed was a spaceship.
Joseph Blumrich is your proverbial rocket scientist. He worked on the moon project for NASA and, from the mind of a rocket engineer, started to look at what was written in the first part of the Book of Ezekiel.
And after many months of research, Joseph Blumrich came to the conclusion that what Ezekiel described in his eyewitness report, it was indeed a type of spacecraft.
Joseph Blumrich would go on to write The Spaceships of Ezekiel.
Several years later, a German structural engineer named Hans Herbert Beier sketched out a blueprint of the second section of the Book of Ezekiel, where Ezekiel is told to construct an open-topped building to house the flying chariot.
Ezekiel’s spaceship fits exactly into the temple that Hans Herbert Beier recreated.
So what we have here is a proof by indication. Here we have a NASA engineer and a structural engineer– they didn’t know of each other’s work– and both pieces fit together like a puzzle. In any court of law, that’s evidence that would hold up.
I think that scientists feel uncomfortable with the notion of the lost civilization precisely because the evidence for it is so ambiguous. It’s not so in your face that it’s immediately obvious.
Uh, and, you know, the result is that science has not welcomed this idea. It’ll take much more evidence before it’s widely accepted.
The god that I believe in doesn’t need a vehicle in which to move around from point A to point B. Whatever was described in the Old Testament wasn’t God, it was a misunderstood flesh-and- blood extraterrestrial whom our ancestors misinterpreted as being divine and supernatural.
And why? Because of misunderstood technology. And that is the underlying thread that applies to all of the ancient astronaut theory.
But while ancient texts provide tantalizing clues to our past, physical evidence paints an even clearer picture. But will modern science finally prove the ancient astronaut theory? Did the ancient civilizations of Earth have access to advanced technology? Well, it seems like they had something going on.
In today’s largest construction sites and quarries, huge mega-machines are used to dig, cut, and lift stones.
These man-made creatures dwarf their creators and perform the work of thousands of men using modern hydraulic technologies.
Without such equipment, builders could never construct modern skyscrapers. Yet, thousands of years ago, ancient civilizations were accomplishing the same work while constructing their monuments and temples using massive stones.
These enormous blocks– many weighing in excess of 100 tons– would be a challenge even for today’s engineers. Yet thousands of years ago, people cut them out of solid rock, transported them for miles and then lifted them precisely into place.
But how? Did they cut these massive stone blocks with hammers, chisels, and copper wire, as mainstream archeologists suggest? Could they have lifted and transported them without a pulley system or the wheel? Or did ancient civilizations possess advanced technologies that have since been lost to science? At Giza, you just don’t have the pyramids.
Linked to the pyramids are what Egyptologists call valley temples.
It doesn’t take a rocket engineer that when you go there, there’s something not quite right here.
Whereas the pyramids are built with blocks of two to three tons, these temples, which are minute compared to the pyramids, are built with blocks of 100 tons and some of them Let me tell you what a 100-ton block is.
If you take a 100 family cars and you squeeze them together you get one of these blocks.
First of all, let alone how they move these blocks is why would they want to use 100-ton blocks? It simply doesn’t make sense.
There’s no reason for them to want to build out of granite blocks the size of a semi truck.
It’s like, okay, let’s do something, but let’s do it as difficult as we could possibly do it.
The reason why I am convinced that sophisticated technology was utilized in these ancient rocks is that, if we go to a stone quarry today and look at the scope of machinery required to accomplish similar things, those machines are huge.
Subscribers to ancient alien theory do not believe extraterrestrials built these amazing monuments, but instead provided some type of technological know-how or tools to our ancestors.
has spent several decades researching the construction tools used by the ancient Egyptians. Chris Dunn
We’re normally taught by Egyptologists, that the ancient Egyptians had simple tools.
They went to work every day using stone balls, copper chisels or copper tube and sand to grind holes in diorite and granite, extremely hard rock.
And what I have actually gathered over the years is information that seems to actually argue against that notion that they had simple tools.
Dunn was able to examine ancient sites firsthand.
What he found has proved to be both revolutionary and controversial.
If you look at the Giza Plateau and all the stones that they actually placed in the Great Pyramid and the Khafre Pyramid and Menkaura’s Pyramid, two and a half million blocks of stone in the Great Pyramid alone.
They had to have had some efficient means of cutting them to size and putting them into place.
They had to have had somebody on site who is saying, “Okay, I need a block this size,” and then getting a block to them that size stat, like immediately.
While searching several miles north of Giza, at Abu Rawash,
Dunnstumbled upon a clue when he spotted a granite block containing a deep cut.
When I first saw it, I just didn’t know what to make of it.
And it was only after puzzling over it for days, and sometimes waking up at 3:00 in the morning scratching my head and thinking, well, how did they make this cut? And finally, to realize that the only way that they could have actually cut that thing was with a saw that was 35 feet in diameter.
The idea that ancient Egyptians used giant saws provoked much resistance from mainstream archeologists.
Dunn however, was convinced. As an ex-machinist, I look for tool marks. I look for them everywhere I go. And I could be accused of, well, you know, if you’re going to look for something, you’re probably going to find it because you’reooking at it through a certain filter. Accepted, I agree.
But the question is, why is it there? Clearly, to me, that is a machine mark. But there were no machines back then. So what do I do? I just go looking for more machine marks. And they’re all over the place. You find them on statues.
You find them, particularly in the Luxor Museum. There seems to be an impression on the side of Amon’s buttock where it meets the bench, where there is an undercut. It was the slip of a tool. And therefore, it must have been a tool that was quite efficient.
Dunn also believes that the large depressions in the ground at Giza are not boat pits as is claimed by mainstream archeologists, but were actually used to hold the 35-foot saws.
Dunn speculates that they were actually saw pits. The saws were mounted in these pits, and that they ran the blocks through the saw before they put them in the Great Pyramid. Another mystery involves how mega-stones were lifted up and placed into a precise position.
What you find in modern construction is that to build big buildings, you need to build big instruments which help build these big buildings. And that is something which archeology has never addressed. The three largest man-made stones in the world are found at the Temple of Jupiter at Baalbek in Lebanon.
Each weighs an estimated 1,000 tons– or two million pounds. A nearby quarry contains an even bigger stone, known as the Stone of the Pregnant Woman. This giant rectangular block weighs an incredible 1,200 tons. To move it today would take the strength of 21 heavy-lift cranes. Being in the construction industry, if a certain project is being constructed somewhere, particularly in mountainous areas, how would we carry this machinery, these cranes, and all that? They are so heavy that it’s virtually impossible to take them to the site. This stone came off a project in Palm Springs, where they had one of the largest excavators they could rent.
They had trouble loading it into the truck. It’s well in excess of five tons– 10,000 pounds– small in megalithic terms, but basically what we can handle with modern machinery.
We’re supposed to accept that the people who built the pyramids did not have the wheel, did not have the pulley, did not have iron.
In fact, they had nothing but brutal manpower and pieces of strings.
The comtext does not fit the evidence.
Thousands of people involved in the various stages of the project, moving very fragile pieces of stone that weigh hundreds, if not thousands, of tons.
Yes, you can use ropes, but you’re going to have to use other mechanical advantages.
But if ancient civilizations did not possess the modern mechanical equipment, how did they move and lift mega-ton stones? Some believe they were given a technical advantage from extraterrestrial visitors.
You’ve got to ask yourself, why would they try and do something that seems so incredibly difficult? The answer to why they would do that has to be that it somehow wasn’t so difficult for them.
It was easy. There exists one very concise description of how these massive stones were transported from the quarry to the building site.
The master builders had the capability of putting some type of a white substance– paper-like substance onto the stones and they rode on it, and then they basically gave the stone block a push and it moved by six feet as if by magic.
Now did that thing really move by magic? No, some technology was used. That is part of the solution. In order to really move massive amounts of stone like that, they would have had to have been levitated– somehow made weightless– and then just moved through the air by some kind of device, perhaps even a handheld kind of device, like some beam weapon.
Read Part Two
Credit: History Channel/ Ancient Aliens
Edited and adjusted for reading by Ancient Code.