From: support@ancientscho
Sent: 2/23/2014 2:56:53 P.M. Central Standard Time
Subj: Hi Jonathon, how did the ancients build with such precision?


Hi Jonathon,
Many ancient ruins demonstrate that the people who constructed them had
not only a special regard for celestial bodies and mathematics, but also a
spot-on accuracy. From Egypt to Mexico, there is no doubt that past
civilizations were involved in incredibly complex space calculations, mathematics
and architectural endeavours. Although many historians and archaeologists
debate exactly what these civilizations did intentionally and what they did
by mere chance, here are a few examples of how ancient architecture was
created with mathematics and the cosmos in mind.
Giza there are many examples of attention to spatial coordinates. For
instance, the Great Pyramids faces are aligned with the four cardinal
directions almost perfectly. In fact, they are less than 0.2 of a degree off. The
pyramid is very precise, with the corners as little as two seconds of a
degree (with 60 seconds in a minute of a degree, and 60 minutes in a degree)
off of a 90-degree angle. In addition to this (although contested), the
pyramids at Giza seem to match the stars of Orions belt with a certain
_Learn ancient secrets taught by leading ancient astronaut researchers_
The Site of Teotihuacan, The Pyramid of the Sun, as it has been dubbed,
demonstrates advanced math. The pyramids base has a perimeter of 2932.8 feet,
while the pyramid has a height of about 233.5 feet. If we take the ratio
of base to height, we get about 12.56, or rather, 4p. Although to some this
is thought to be a coincidence, the pyramids actual ratio is less than
0.05 per cent off of the true value for 4p.
The ancient Mayan site of Chichen Itza exemplifies the cultures celestial
orientation. The huge step pyramid (the pyramid of Kukulcan) that is the
focus of the site has 91 steps on each of its sides, which add up to 364
steps. Adding the platform on top, there are 365 steps in total the number of
days in a year. Also, on the vernal and autumnal equinoxes (the first day
of spring and fall, when day and night are the same length of time), the
sunlight works to create a shadow of a giant serpent on the staircase that
faces north.
A building called the Caracol, believed to have served as an observatory,
is also found at the site of Chichen Itza. The windows are set up to align
with certain points of interest. Although the top is damaged, remaining
windows point to the northern- and southern-most positions of Venus, the
position of sunset on the Equinoxes, and the corners of the building itself
point to the sunrises and sets of the solstices.
The Mayans had a sophisticated calendar, losing only one day in 6000
years. Their predictions of solar and lunar eclipses were incredibly accurate.
As many have heard, they predicted a date that they believed would be the
end of the world. This date, translated to our calendar, is on December 23,
2012. Although unlikely, the world is predicted to suddenly end in about
seven years (if we have just translated the meaning of their calendar
The Mayans did have some rationale behind this number. This date marks the
time in the precessional cycle of the earth that we will move out of the
constellation of Pisces and on to the age of Aquarius.
What is global precession? Im glad you asked. Everyone knows that the
earth spins on its axis while it revolves around the sun. Most remember from
grade 10 science class that the earths axis is not perfectly vertical, but
rather tilted about 23.5 degrees. However, the axis is not always this way,
as it slowly varies from about 24.5 degrees to 22.1 degrees, making a
complete cycle every 41,000 years.
While it is moving in this way, due to varying gravitational forces, the
axis wobbles (precesses) in a clockwise circle. Just imagine the way the
axis of a top spins as it begins to fall. So, the angle of the earth stays
the same (or somewhere within its three degree variance), but the direction
in which it points changes. For example, our current North Star is Polaris
(or Ursae Minoris), as the North Pole points towards this star. However,
approximately 13,000 years ago, the North Pole would have pointed towards the
star Vega, as it will do again in about another 13,000 years. It takes
about 25,776 years to complete one precessional cycle.
Anyone ever heard of the song Age of Aquarius? Well, this is in reference
to the earths precessional cycle. Presently we are in the age of Pisces,
which means that when the sun rises on the vernal equinox it rises in the
direction that the constellation of Pisces is in the sky. However, due to
precession, every 2160 years on the vernal equinox the sun rises in a
different constellation. As mentioned above, we will be moving out of the age of
Pisces and into the age of Aquarius around the end of 2012.
So, the Mayans figured there was something important to the changing of
ages, hence their predicted death date. However, they are not the only ones
who seem to have taken certain numbers into account. The perimeter of the
Great Pyramid at Giza is approximately 3,023 feet and the height is 481
feet. In addition to exemplifying a ratio of exactly 2p, its measurements are
said to possibly represent the Northern Hemisphere of the earth, on a scale
of 1 : 43,200. Though controversial, some interpret this number as exactly
20 times the precessional number of 2160, representing the precession of
the earth through 20 different zodiac constellations or ages.
These examples of precessional numbers, mathematics and celestial
orientations found in ancient structures by no means scratch the surface of all of
the occurrences (or at least, proposed occurrences) present at various
historical sites, and even in cultural songs and myths. Whether or not various
theories or speculations concerning these spectacular constructions are
true or not (and we may never know), the meticulous precision that was put
into planning, calculating and building them is hard to ignore, not to
mention awe-inspiring.
Jason Martell