Video Shows Bolivian Soldiers, Tanks Joining Indigenous Protests Against Coup Regime
(TMU) — New video has emerged from Bolivia that appears to show large-scale defections from Bolivia’s Army and soldiers joining protests against the U.S.-backed coup government of Interim President Jeanine Áñez
The footage may be a sign of rapid change in the ongoing political unrest that has followed President Evo Morales’ resignation, which came after threats from the Andean country’s military leadership. Since then, the government has been taken by far-right political parties and Christian fundamentalist paramilitaries opposed to the indigenous socialist leader.
On Sunday, video began circulating that showed members of the Andean country’s military marching on foot alongside protesters from the Copacabana Workers’ Union on the Oruro-La Paz highway headed toward the nation’s capital, reportsKaosenlared.
— Noticias en Red Bolivia (@notienredbo) November 17, 2019
In the video, the protesters shout “Armed Forces, join the fight!,” to which the soldiers respond “Long live Bolivia, long live the Wiphala!” The Wiphala flag is the multi-colored banner of the native peoples of the Andes that symbolizes the 36 indigenous groups who comprise a large portion of the country’s population. Under Morales, the indigenous flag became a national flag alongside the Bolivian tricolor.
Indigenous groups were outraged after footage circulated showing right-wing figures and anti-Morales figures burning the Wiphala flag, conveying what native groups saw as a deeply-rooted European—or Criollo (European-descended)—hatred of the country’s original people. In other videos, police officers who mutinied against then-President Morales could be seen cutting the flag from their uniforms.
Separate video shows the Wiphala flag adorning armored personnel carriers belonging to a Bolivian Army infantry unit as protesters greet the soldiers. As a loudspeaker on the armored vehicle declares “Long live the Wiphala flag,” indigenous marchers respond “Long live! Onward, armed forces!” The APC then responds “Jallala, jallalla!”–a Quechua Aymara indigenous word that expresses hope and satisfaction.
Any dissension in the ranks of Bolivia’s Armed Forces could spell grave trouble for the right-wing government that rapidly came to power after Evo Morales was driven from office on November 10 amid allegations of electoral fraud by his opponents and the Organization of American States.
Over the weekend, the death toll resulting from the spiraling unrest ticked up to at least 23. The number includes nine indigenous protesters who were killed on Friday in Cochabamba by the military and police. Bolivia’s security forces have used live ammunition, armored vehicles, and helicopters against those resisting the coup. However, the use of lethal force against the country’s large indigenous population risks a massive backlash by the largely poor and indigenous rank-and-file members of the Bolivian Armed Forces.
In the video of soldiers marching alongside protesters, the anti-coup resisters also chant “Mesa, Camacho—the same shit,” comparing anti-Morales presidential candidate Carlos Mesa to the hard-right opposition leader Luis Fernando Camacho.
Camacho has been characterized by Grayzone as an “an ultra-conservative Christian fundamentalist groomed by a fascist paramilitary notorious for its racist violence”backed by the U.S. and right-wing governments in Colombia and Brazil. Earlier this month, he entered the presidential palace with his followers while holding up a Bible as a pastor declared, “the Bible has re-entered the palace [and] Pachamama will never return,” referring to the indigenous Earth deity.
Indigenous Bolivians gained increased official representation under the presidency of Morales, who officially renamed the country the Plurinational State of Bolivia and gave official status to the country’s 36 indigenous languages.
As Native American scholar Nick Estes wrote for the Guardian last week:
“The indigenous-socialist project accomplished what neoliberalism has repeatedly failed to do: redistribute wealth to society’s poorest sectors and uplift those most marginalized.”
Last Thursday, de facto head of state Áñez appointed a cabinet that was entirely comprised of Euro-descended figures and not a single indigenous person, while claiming that her government will “reconstruct democracy” and “pacify the country”gripped by increasing rumblings of all-out civil war.
In 2013, Áñez revealed her own hatred for the country’s native population when she tweeted, “I dream of a Bolivia free of satanic indigenous rites.” In a separate tweet, the then-senator said, “the city is not for the Indians who should stay in the highlands or the Chaco!!!”
Morales, who is now in exile in Mexico, continues to assert that he is innocent of any electoral fraud. Last Monday, the former president said:
“My sin was being indigenous, leftist and anti-imperialist.”
Both the corporate media and human rights groups have been silent as journalists and indigenous protesters have been targeted as Bolivia’s self-declared right-wing government uses violence to secure its tenuous hold on power.
By Alan Macleod
Despite having been in power for only one week, the new Bolivian coup government of Jeanine Añez has already turned the powers of repression onto the population, using live rounds on demonstrators protesting the forceful removal of President Evo Morales from power on November 10. Morales has sought asylum in Mexico.
The death toll, according to Bolivia’s national ombudsman, has risen to 23, with more than one thousand people arrested. That figure includes the victims of the Cochabamba massacre, where soldiers and police killed nine indigenous protesters Friday.
Footage emerging from Cochabamba, Bolivia shows the aftermath of a massacre of indigenous protesters carried out by coup soldiers and police. This will be ignored by western media. pic.twitter.com/phGHgJPsea
— Dan Cohen (@dancohen3000) November 15, 2019
The full scope of the armed forces has been unleashed on demonstrators, with security forces using live ammunition, tanks and even attack helicopters to destroy resistance to the coup. Much of Bolivia’s security state, including many of the leaders of the coup, were trained by the FBI and by the notorious School of the Americas in Fort Benning, GA, a U.S. Army installation where many of the most brutal death squads and torturers in Latin American history cut their teeth. Those skills are now on show in Cochabamba. “Death squads unleashed in Bolivia: the coup regime has granted immunity to soldiers who shoot protesters. In just days they’ve shot hundreds of people,” announced Green Party Presidential candidate Jill Stein via Twitter.
Images and video of the deadly events immediately began circulating on social media. The scenes of panicked protesters fleeing gunshots or desperately checking dead or dying bodies shocked many: “We’re watching the rounding up and killing of indigenous people in Bolivia in real time by right wing forces supported by the US. This should be a top story,” said journalist Rania Khalek. But the massacre is largely being downplayed in the mainstream press, whooverwhelmingly supported former President Morales’ ouster, framing events not as a coup, but as Morales “resigning” from office. When reported on at all, the events are often euphemistically referred to as a “clash” between Morales supporters and government forces, removing all agency and culpability from their headlines. To date, no mainstream Western outlet has used the word “massacre” or similar, in headlines to describe the events.
Likewise, the crescendo of violence has elicited a muted response from the professional human rights industry. Indeed, as hundreds of casualties were being taken to hospital, Human Rights Watch Director Ken Roth all but came out to support the coup, declaring that Añez’s coup was actually “defending democracy” against the “electoral fraud” of Morales. Both Human Rights Watch and Amnesty International refused to condemn the coup or the repression in their statements on the violence.
Hospitals across the country have been inundated with hundreds of people injured during the crackdown, a problem made worse by the fact that the new government has attacked, detained or deported hundreds of Cuban medical personnel who constitute the backbone of Bolivia’s public health services.
La masacre que ha estado ejecutando la fuerza pública desde esta tarde en Sacaba, #Cochabamba, no tiene nombre. La mayoría, heridos de bala, sobrepasa la atención de los hospitales según narra la persona que grabó este video. #15Nov #GolpeDeEstadoEnBolivia contra @evoespueblo pic.twitter.com/m181rXZxHf
— Érika Ortega Sanoja (@ErikaOSanoja) November 15, 2019
A License to Kill for Bolivia’s Security Services
Añez ominously announced that she is committed to “taking all measures necessary” to “pacify the country.” This included an official order pre-exonerating all security services from any crimes committed during the “re-establishment of order,” effectively giving the army and the police a license to kill anyone who resists the new government.
La banda de asesinos que asaltó el poder en Bolivia cree que firmando un papel puede salvar a militares y policías que salen a matar a la población civil. Ni siquiera en las guerras se eliminan las responsabilidades de los actores. Aquí declaran la guerra sucia contra el pueblo. pic.twitter.com/D9L3u5e7Xn
— Samuel Moncada (@SMoncada_VEN) November 16, 2019
Añez, a fundamentalist Christian, first arrived at the Presidential Palace in La Paz November 12 brandishing an oversized, leather-bound Bible, shouting at reporters “the Bible is returning” to Bolivia. She has previously declared the country’s indigenous population (who make up, bymost counts, almost 90% of the population) as “satanic” and claimed that they should not be allowed to live in Bolivia’s cities, only in the desert or highlands.
Morales was the country’s first indigenous ruler since the Spanish invasion five centuries previously. Security forces loyal to Añez publicly removed and burned the indigenous Wiphala flag patches from their uniforms, a symbolic gesture showing their commitment to the re-establishment of a white supremacist state.
Añez’s party, the Democrat Social Movement, won 4% of the vote in the October elections, making it the fourth-largest party in the country. In comparison, Morales received 47%. Nevertheless, the United States government has lent its full support to Añez, the White House “applauding” the military overthrow. Likewise, media has presented her positively as a “women’s activist” “setting a conservative, religious tone”.
Her colleagues in government share similar far-right backgrounds. Coup leader Luis Fernando Camacho is part of a Neo-Nazi paramilitary group that wears the Iron Cross and other fascist regalia and practices the Roman (Sieg Heil) salute.
A War on the Media
However, Bolivia’s indigenous population is not the only target of police and military repression; multiple journalists covering the protests have also been shot. Meanwhile, Al-Jazeera correspondent Teresa Bo was tear-gassed in the face live on air at point-blank range by riot police, as she stood alone, away from the protests, talking to camera. The new government forced Bolivia TV off the air, while one TeleSUR journalist in Bolivia found that virtually every channel was dedicated to Añez. Her new Communications Minister, Roxanna Lizárrageannounced that she intends to persecute journalists involved in what she called “sedition”, adding that she already has compiled a list of “troublesome members of the media.”
The most heartbreaking video of all…
— Denis Rogatyuk (@DenisRogatyuk) November 16, 2019
Organized resistance, from indigenous groups, trade unions and Morales’ Movement to Socialism party appears to be growing. However, the new government has made it absolutely clear that it intends to stay in power by any means necessary. The following few days will decide what direction Bolivia will take.
Feature photo | A backer of President Evo Morales holding an indigenous flag kneels in front of soldiers guarding a street in downtown La Paz, Bolivia, Nov. 15, 2019. Natacha Pisarenko | AP
Alan MacLeod is a MintPress Staff Writer as well as an academic and writer for Fairness and Accuracy in Reporting. His book, Bad News From Venezuela: Twenty Years of Fake News and Misreporting was published in April.